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Featured Article / Review
Chojun Miyagi at the meeting in 1936: translated by Sanzinoo
Chojun Miyagi at the meeting in 1936
translated by Sanzinoo

Remarks: This is a part of the meeting records. It appears as an appendix in the book, "Karatedo Dai Hokan" written by Kanken Toyama. Pages 377-392 (Tsuru Shobo, 1960).

"The Meeting of Okinawan Karate Masters"

Time and Date: 4:00 pm, October 25, 1936
Place: Showa Kaikan ...... full article
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Articles Home » Glossary - Vocabulary » Kihon Renshu Ho
Kihon Renshu Ho

Kihon Renshu Ho - Fundamental Techniques and Methods.

This article serves as both a fundamental gude for techniques and methods as well as terminology for and during training. Associated pages with photo's are forthcoming. All Waza [techniques] may be executed as Sonoba [standing still] or Ido [with movement].

Tachi kata - 立ち方 - Stances

  • Hanzenkutsu Dachi - 半前屈立 - Half front stance [60% front:40% back weight distribution]
  • Heisoku Dachi - 閉足立 - Closed feet stance, heels and toes together.
  • Heiko Dachi - 並行立ち - Parallel stance [shoulder width apart or one foot length apart]
  • Kokutsu Dachi - 後屈立 - Back stance [30% front:70% back weight distribution]
  • Kosa Dachi - 交差立 - Backside crossed legs stance
  • Moto Dachi - 基立 or 元立 - Front side crossed legs stance
  • Motobo Dachi - Front stance with hips open [back heel on the same line at 90°]
  • Musubi Dachi - 結び立 - Knot-shaped stance [heels together with feet at 45°]
  • Neko Ashi Dachi - 猫足立 - Cat foot stance [10% front:90% back weight distribution]
  • Renoji Dachi - レの字立 - The Japanese letter "Re" stance [or "L" stance] [30% front:70% back weight distribution], much like Neko Ashi Dachi however having the front heel on the ground.
  • Sagi Ashi Dachi - 鷺足立 - Crane stance, standing on 1 foot the other knee high [0% front:100% back weight distribution]
  • Sanchin Dachi - 三戦立 - Three battles stance.
    • Sanchin Heiko Dachi - 三戦並行立 - Sanchin Dachi tension in legs however with both feet straight.
  • Shiko Dachi - 四股立 - Square stance
    • Shiko Dachi Heikaku - 四股立平角 - Lower form stance at 0°
    • Shiko Dachi Shakaku - 四股立斜角 - Lower form stance at 45°
    • Shiko Dachi Chokkaku - 四股立直角 - Lower form stance at 90°
  • Sotohachi Dachi - 外八字立 - Outward shape of the number eight stance
  • Uchihachi Dachi - 内八字立 - Inward shape of the number eight stance
  • Zenkutsu Dachi - 前屈立 - Front stance [60% front:40% back weight distribution]
Uke Waza - 受け技 - Blocking [Deflecting] Techniques 
  • Age Uke [proper name] - 揚げ受け - Rising block [aka Jodan Uke]
  • Chudan Uke [see Yoko Uke]
  • Gedan Barai - Lower block [starts from the shoulder]. 
    • Note, this block does not exist in Goju-Ryu Karatedo
    • Harai Otoshi Uke - 払落受け - Dropping circle lower block
    • Kaishu Harai Uke - Open hand dropping circle lower block]
  • Hiki Uke - Pulling from 
    • Pulling from Kakae block [see below]
  • Hazushi Waza - Releasing techniques [Kata Saifa]
  • Kakae Uke - 掛受け - Hooking block [aka outward knife hand block]
  • Ko Uke - Wrist block
    • [Jodan] Ko Uke - upper wrist block [attach thumbs to ring and middle finger]
    • Yoko [Chudan] Ko Uke - sideways wrist block [attahc thumbs to the middle and index finger]
  • Kuri Uke - Circular elbow block
    • Kata Seiunchin & Kururunfa
    • aka Yama Uke - Mountain side block
  • Jodan Uke - Rising block [aka Age Uke]
  • Mawashi Uke [see Toraguchi] - 廻受け -Double circle block [open hand]
  • Osae Uke - 押受け - Pressing block
  • Otoshi Uke - Dropping circle block [aka Harai Otoshi Uke]
  • Shuto Uke - 手刀受け - Knife hand block
  • Sukui Uke - 掬受け - Scooping block
  • Teisho Uke - 底掌受け - Palm heel block
  • Toraguchi [proper name for Mawashi Uke] - Double circle block [aka Mawashi Uke]
  • Uchi Uke - 內受け - Inside fore arm block
  • Uwa Uke Shita Barai - Age Uke & Harai Otoshi Uke simultaneously
  • Yoko Uke [proper name for gojuryu Chudan Uke] - 横受け - Circle block; center block, elbow one fist away from body and forarm at 45°
  • Yoko Uke Shita Barai [Double BLock] - 横受け下払い - Yoko Uke & Harai Otoshi Uke simultaneously 
  • Yama Uke - Mountain side block 
    • Kata Seiunchin & Kururunfa
    • aka Kuri Uke - Circular elbow block

Tsuki Waza - 突き技- Punching Techniques

  • Age Tsuki - 揚げ突き - Rising punch
  • Awase Tsuki - 合せ突き - Double punch [High & low]
  • Chuguko Tsuki - Chinese fist punch [Elbow at side with fist half turned]
  • Gyaku Tsuki - Reverse strike [side opposing front foot]
  • Hiki Tsuki - 引き突き - Pulling punch
  • Hojo Oshi - Augmented strike [Kata Seiunchin]
    • aka Sankaku Ken
  • Ippon Nukite Zuki - 一本貫手突き - One-finger punch
  • Jun Tsuki - Side thrust punch [positioned from Shiko Dachi Chokkaku].
  • Kizami Tsuki - 刻み突き - Leading punch, or jab
  • Morote Tsuki - 諸手突き - Double punch [parallel]
    • Kaishu Morote Uke - Open hand double strike [with palms]
  • Nukite Tsuki - 贯手突き - Finger punch
  • Sanbon Tsuki - 突き - Triple punch [jodan, chudan, gedan]
  • Sankaku Ken - Augmented strike [Kata Seiunchin]
    • aka Hojo Oshi
  • Seiken Tsuki - 正拳 - Square punch
    • Jodan Tsuki - Upper strike
    • Chudan Tsuki - Middle strik
    • Gedan Tsuki - Lower strike
  • Shita Tsuki - 三本突き - Digging punch [palm side up]
  • Sokuho Tsuki - Palm heel punch

Ate Waza - 当身技 - Striking Techniques

  • Hiji Ate - 肘当て - Elbow strike
  • Hiza Ate - 膝当て - Knee strike
  • Teisho Ate - 底掌当 - Palm heel strike

Uchi Waza - 打ち技 - Hitting Techniques

  • Furi Uchi - 振り打ち - Circle strike Haito Uchi ridge hand strike
  • Haito Uchi - Inside knife hand strike.
  • Ura Uchi - 裏打ち - Knuckle strike (palm side up)
  • Ura-ken Uchi - Knuckle strike (palm side up)
  • Shuto Uchi - 手刀打ち - Knife hand strike
    • Nihon Shuto Uchi - Shotokan style knife hand strike
    • Yoko Shuto Uchi - Broad Knife hand strike [such as that in Gekisai]
  • Tettsui Uchi - 鉄槌打ち - Bottom fist strike (or hammer fist strike)

Keri Waza - 蹴り技 - Kicking Techniques

  • Ashi Barai - Low sweeping leg technique.
  • Gedan Geri - Low kick
  • Gedan Mawashi Geri - low round kick to leg
  • Fumikomi Geri - Pressing heel kick [stomp kick]
  • Kakato Geri - 踵蹴り - Kicking with the foot edge
  • Kansetsu Geri - 関節蹴り - Heel to knee joint kick
  • Kekomi Geri - 蹴込み蹴り - To the rear kick.
  • Kin Geri - 金蹴り - Groin snap kick.
  • Kogen Geri - Groin snap kick [aka...same as above].
  • Mae Geri - 前蹴り - Front kick
  • Mawashi Geri - 回し蹴り - Round house kick
  • Sokuto Geri - 足刀蹴り - Joint kick
  • Ura Mawashi Geri - 裏回し 蹴り - Back thrust kick
  • Ushiro Geri - 後ろ蹴り - Dropping back kick
  • Yoko Geri - Round Kick [knee up first, just as in Mae Geri however, then rotates]

Renzoku Waza - 連続技 - Combinations

  • Sanbon Doza - A kihon Ido with three [3] combinations.
  • Yonhon Doza - A kihon Ido with four [4] combinations.
  • Gohon Doza - A kihon Ido with five [5] combinations.
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